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  • 2021年12月英语四六级翻译终极瞻望押题50篇(上),忽视保藏!

  • 发布日期:2023-09-12 11:25    点击次数:59

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据很大考过四六级的网友反馈,检修最难部分等于翻译,每次看到题目无从下手。本年6月份四级翻译考的区分是:铁不雅音、普洱、龙井。六级翻译考的区分是:海南、青海、云南。为了响应大家的要求我精选了50个翻译话题并提供参考译文,要是对你有匡助,一定牢记点赞噢

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01、 书道

书道(calligraphy)是中国文化的精髓。书道在中国随地可见,与日常生涯紧密衔接。书道作品能装点客厅、书斋和卧室。它是将汉字写在吸水性素雅无比的宣纸 (Xuan paper)上,然后将作品贴在一块镶有丝绸边的厚纸上,安上卷轴(scroll)或用画框装裱起来挂在墙上。书道作品普通是一首诗、一副对子或主东谈主很心爱的座右铭。主东谈主躬行书写的作品将体现他的愿望、酷好酷好以及文体或艺术才华。一幅书道作品不错给白色的墙壁增添活力,为客东谈主友东谈主带来烦闷。

参考译文:

Calligraphy is the essence of Chinese culture. It can be found everywhere in China, and is closely linked to daily life. Calligraphic works decorate sitting rooms, studies and bedrooms. The Chinese characters are written on Xuan paper which is good at absorbing ink. The work will be pasted on a piece of thick paper with a silk edge, and then mounted on a scroll or put into a picture frame for hanging on the wall. Usually, a calligraphic work contains a poem, a pair of couplets, or a motto the owner likes very much. If the calligraphic work is written by the owner himself, it will demonstrate his wish and interest as well as his literary or artistic talent. A calligraphic work can bring vitality to the white wall, pleasure to guests and friends.

01、 指南针

中国事寰球上公认发明指南针的国度。早在2400多年前,中国东谈主就创造出寰球上最早的指南针。其后经过陆续校正,到宋朝(the Song Dynasty)东谈主们制造出铁针指南针并期骗于帆海。中国事第一个在海船上使用指南针的国度。指南针为明代(the Ming Dynasty)郑和下泰西提供了要求。其后指南针传入欧洲,鼓舞了欧洲帆海职业的发展为,哥伦布(Columbus)的飘动提供了技艺保证。

参考译文:

China is universally recognized as the country having invented the compass. As early as 2,400 years ago, Chinese people created the earliest compass in the world. Later it was further improved continuously. During the Song Dynasty, people produced the compass with iron needles and applied it in navigation. China is the first country to use the compass on seagoing ships. The compass provided aid for Zheng He's voyages to the Western Ocean in the Ming Dynasty. Later the compass spread into Europe, promoting the development of the European marine industry and guaranteeing technical support for Columbus' navigation.

02、 造纸术

在古代,文章和铭文(inscription)普通写在竹片或丝绸上。但丝绸奋斗,竹片太重,使用起来齐不苟简。其后蔡伦始创了用树皮造纸的本事。传统上东谈主们觉得他是纸张和造纸术的发明者。尽管公元前2世纪中国就照旧有了早期的纸,但蔡伦促成了纸张的初度要紧校正,并通过添加至关热切的新材料使造纸流程尺度化。蔡伦发现了造纸材料的组合形态,发明了造纸术。这项发明使蔡伦著名于世,致使使他在耄耋之年就照旧得到了认同。

参考译文:

In ancient times, writing works and inscriptions were generally written on tablets of bamboo or on pieces of silk. But silk being costly and bamboo heavy, they were both not convenient to use. Then Cai Lun initiated the method of making paper with the bark of trees. Traditionally, he is regarded as the inventor of paper and the technique of papermaking. Although early forms of paper had already existed in China since the 2nd century BC, he fostered the first significant improvement and standardization of papermaking by adding essential new materials into papers composition. Cai found the composition of paper and invented the technique of papermaking. Cai was reputed for this invention in the world, and even in his own lifetime he was already given recognition for it.

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03、 中华老字号

中华老字号(China centuries-old/time-honored brands)是指那些历史悠久并领有素雅无比信誉的中国企业。这些企业经常具有显着的中华英才传统文化特征,领有高品性的居品、本领或管事,赢得平庸的社会认同。同仁堂(Tongrentang)和全聚德(Quanjude)均属北京的老字号。同仁堂创建于1669年,其药品以优良的传统工艺和显赫的疗效享誉海表里。以北京烤鸭著名的全聚德创建于1864年,是中国著名的饭铺。

参考译文:

China time-honored brands refer to Chinese companies that have a long history as well as a good reputation. With distinct characteristics of traditional Chinese culture, they get extensive public recognition by offering good-quality products, techniques or services. Both Tongrentang and Quanjude are the time-honored brands in Beijing. Tongrentang was founded in 1669,and its medical products have enjoyed a good reputation both at home and abroad for excellent traditional manufacturing techniques and good effects. Founded in 1864 and well-known for its Bejing roast ducks, Quanjude is a famous restaurant in China.

04、 印刷术

印刷术发明之前,思出书新书的学者必须一字一字地抄写。北宋时期,经过多年的实验,毕昇发明了活字印刷术(movable-type printing)。他把汉字刻在一小块泥胚(pieces of clay)上,加热汉字直到其造成硬的活字。印书时,东谈主们按法例将活字摆在沿途,印出陈迹。印刷完后,他们把字分开,以后类似使用。这种本事既经济又省时。中国的活字印刷术领先向东传至朝鲜和日本,之后向西传至波斯(Persia)和埃及,临了传遍全球。活字印刷术发明促进了寰球列国的文化换取。

参考译文:

Before printing was invented,a scholar had to copy characters one by one if he wanted to publish a new book. During the Northern Song Dynasty, Bi Sheng invented movable-type printing after many years of experimentation. He engraved the characters on small pieces of clay and heated them until they became hard movable characters. When printing a book,people placed the moveable characters in order into a whole block and then ran off a print. After printing, they took the block apart and reused the characters later. This method was both economical and time-saving. China's movable-type printing first spread eastward into Korea and Japan, then westward into Persia and Egypt, and at last, around the world. The invention of movable-type printing greatly promoted cultural exchanges among countries all over the world.

05、 圆明园

圆明园(Yuanmingyuan Imperial Garden)位于北京西郊,于1708年运行兴修。经过几十年的配置、守秘和改建,圆明园成为那时寰球上最出色的园林之一。圆明园收受了中国园林建筑的传统,把不同立场的园林建筑相亲相爱,充分体现出调解与完好。除此以外,圆明园辞寰球园林建筑史上也占有十分热切的地位。缺憾的是,经过几场干戈,今天的圆明园仅仅一派废地。

参考译文:

Located in the west suburb of Beijing, Yuanmingyuan Imperial Garden was first constructed in 1708. After decades of construction, decoration, and reconstruction, Yuanmingyuan Imperial Garden had become one of the most excellent gardens in the world at that time. It earned forward the tradition of Chinese garden building by combining garden architectures of different styles to give full of harmony and perfectness. Besides this, Yuanmingyuan Imperial Garden also had a very important position in the world history of garden architecture. It is a pity that after several wars, today's Yuanmingyuan Imperial Garden is only a heap of ruins.

06、 中国高铁

中国当今领有寰球上最大最快的高速铁路网。高铁列车的运行速率还将陆续提高,更多的城市将修建高铁站。高铁大大镌汰了东谈主们出行的时刻。相对飞机而言,高铁列车的杰出上风在于准时,因为基本不受天气或交通治理的影响。高铁极地面编削了中国东谈主的生涯形态。如今,它照旧成了许多东谈主商务旅行的首选交通器具。越来越多的东谈主也在沐日乘高铁出门旅游。还有不少年青东谈主采纳在一个城市职责而在临近城市居住,每天乘高铁高放工。

参考译文:

China now is home to the largest and fastest high-speed rail network in the world. The speed of the CRH (China Railway High-Speed) train will continue to increase and more cities will build high-speed rail stations. The CRH train has greatly reduced people's travel time. Compared with the airplane, the outstanding advantage of the CRH train is punctuality, because it is basically not affected by weather or traffic control. It has transformed the way people live and become the favorite option for business travelers today. More and more people also travel by CRH train during holidays. Many young people choose to work in one city but live in a nearby one since they can commute by CRH train every day.

07、 分享汽车

分享汽车新动力汽车分享神情已在北京、上海等多个城市张开。这种新式的管事有望在改日几年为中国分享经济注入新的活力。要享受分享汽车管事,你需要先下载客户端,然后注册会员,上传本东谈主身份证和驾如什物像片。经审核通过并缴纳押金(deposit)后,即可通过扫描二维码(QR code)使用租车管事。押金主要用于车辆损坏、违规以及发生行政措置所产生的用度。租车用度依据履行里程(mileage)和履行用车时刻筹算。

参考译文:

The new energy vehicle-sharing project has been launched in Beijing, Shanghai and other cities. This new type of service is expected to add new vitality into China's sharing economy in the next few years. To enjoy the car-sharing service, you need to first download the App, then register to become a member and upload photos of your ID card and your driver's license. After passing the review and paying the deposit, you can use the car-sharing service by scanning the QR code. The deposit is mainly used for paying fees arising from car damage, violations of regulations and administrative punishment. The car rental is charged according to the actual mileage and the usage time.

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09、皮影戏

皮影戏(shadow play)是中国的一种民间艺术,领有悠久的历史。皮影戏所需要的演员是用牛皮作念的皮影东谈主形,由一个或几个东谈主适度着,并用光将它们反射到幕布上。皮影戏在陕西和甘肃地区最为流行,不时在庙会、婚典和葬礼等场地上演。皮影戏是用来驱邪的,东谈主们但愿皮影戏的上演能给他们带来好运。素雅活泼的皮影东谈主形照旧成为一种保藏品,深受异邦东谈主的宠爱。

参考译文:

Shadow play is a form of Chinese folk art with a long history. The actors or actresses in a shadow play are figures made of cow leather. Being controlled by one or several persons, these figures are reflected via a light on the screen. Shadow play is most popular in the area of Shanxi and Gansu Provinces and often performed in the temple fairs, wedding ceremonies and funeral ceremonies, etc. With the purpose of driving out evil spirits, people wish that the performance of shadow play will bring them good fortune. Delicate and vivid shadow figures have become a kind of collection and are greatly loved by foreigners.

10、 桂林

桂林是中国著名的时局旅游城市。它位于广西东北部,面积有2.78万平方公里,东谈主口500万。领有2000多年历史的桂林照旧一个历史文假名城。自北宋(the Northern Song Dynasty)以来,桂林就已成为广西的政事、经济及文化中心。桂林山水以山青、水秀、洞奇、石好意思著名天地;桂林的交通、通信和住宿齐十分便利发达。因此每年有千千万万的国表里旅客来到桂林旅游。

参考译文:

Guilin is China's well-known tourist scenic city. Located in the northeast of Guangxi, Guilin covers an area of 27,800 square kilometers with a population of 5 million. Guilin is also a famous historic and cultural city with a history of over 2,000 years. Guilin has been the center of politics, economy, and culture of Guangxi since the Northern SongDynasty. Guilin scenery is famous for its green mountains, clear water, magic holes, and beautiful stones. The transportation, communication, and accommodation in Guilin are convenient and well-developed. Therefore, thousands of tourists from home and abroad are attracted to travel here every year.

10、 乌镇

乌镇是浙江的一座陈旧水镇,坐落在京杭大运河河畔。这是一处迷东谈主的场所,有许多古桥、登第酒店和餐馆。在昔日一千年里,乌镇的水系和生涯形态并未经验些许变化,是一座展现古文静的博物馆。乌镇统统房屋齐用石木建筑。数百年来,当地沿着河畔建起了住宅和集市。多半宽绰秀雅的庭院安身于屋舍之间,旅客们每到一处齐会有惊喜的发现。

参考译文:

Wuzhen is an ancient "Waterside" in Zhejiang, located in the bank of Jing Hang Canal. This is a charming place where there are many old bridges, hotels in Chinese style and restaurants. Over the past 1,000 years, there were no obvious changes in the water systems and lifestyles in Wuzhen, which is a museum that shows the ancient civilizations. All buildings in Wuzhen are built by stones and woods. For hundreds of years, local people have built up houses and markets along the riverside. Countless beautiful and capacious yards are hidden between houses. And visitors will be surprised when they see them.

12、中国画

国画(Chinese painting)是寰球上最陈旧的艺术传统之一。绘图时用羊毫蘸黑墨或彩墨在纸张或丝绸上作画。证实推崇手法,国画可分为写意派(the Xieyi school)和工笔派(the Gongbi school)两大类。写意派以目田抒发和表情夸张为特质;工笔派则隆重以密致的笔法描绘细节。山水画被公觉得国画的最高表情。纵不雅历史,不同期期的国画齐相应地响应出东谈主们的社会将强。

参考译文:

Chinese painting is one of the oldest artistic traditions in the world. The painting is done on paper or silk with a brush dipped in black or colored ink. According to the means of expression, Chinese paintings can be divided into two categories which are the Xieyi school and the Gongbi school. The Xieyi school is characterized by free expression and exaggerated forms, while the Gongbi school attaches importance to detail with fine brushwork. Landscape painting is widely regarded as the highest form of Chinese painting. Throughout history, the Chinese paintings at different times mirror people's social consciousness accordingly.

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13、 港珠澳大桥

港珠澳大桥( Hong Kong-zhuhai-macau Bridge)全长55公里,是我国一项不同寻常的工程豪举。大桥将三个城市贯穿起来,是寰球上最长的跨海桥粱和地谈系统。大桥将三个城市之间的旅行时刻从3小时镌汰到30分钟。这座跨度纷乱的钢筋混凝土大桥充分诠释注解中国有智商配置创记录的巨型建筑。它将助推区域一体化,促进经済増长。大桥是中国发展我方的大湾区总体筹算的关节。中国但愿将大湾区建成在技艺革命和经济蕃昌上能与旧金山、纽约和东京的湾区相失色的地区。

参考译文:

With a total length of 55 kilometers, the Hong Kong-zhuhai-macau Bridge is an extraordinary engineering in our country. As the longest cross-sea bridge and tunnel system in the world, the bridge connects Hong Kong, Zhuhai and Macau, shortening the traveling time among the three cities from 3 hours to 30 minutes. This reinforced concrete bridge with huge spans fully proves that China has the ability to build record-breaking huge construction. It will enhance regional integration and promote economic growth. The bridge is the key to China’s development of its own master plan for the Great Bay Area. China hopes to build the Great Bay Area into an area comparable to the Bay Areas of San Francisco, New York and Tokyo in terms of technological innovation and economic prosperity.

14、 社群学习

社群学习在消耗升级(upgrade)下的新期间,在线陶冶市集变得越来越熟识,付费社群模式正引颈潮水。总体来说,付费社群学习内容具有专科性、稀缺性和系统性等脾气。付费社群模式兼顾学习内容的深度和系统性,因而领有更强的用户黏性(engagement)。一个好的付费社群不仅能在学问含量上得志用户的需求,还能为用户提供系统性高质料的内容。

参考译文:

In the new era of consumption upgrades, the online education market is becoming increasingly mature, and the paid community model is setting the trend. On the whole, learning materials provided by paid communities have distinct characteristics including professionalism, scarcity, and being systematic. This model provides users with learning materials that are both systematic and concerned with the depth and therefore has stronger user engagement. A good paid community can not only meet the needs of users in terms of the quantity of the contents, but also provide users with systematically organized contents of high quality.

15、唐朝

唐朝(the Tang Dynasty)是广博公认的中国临了光的时期之一。唐朝时渴望多界限得到了纷乱的发展。唐朝的版图在军事彭胀下已寥落了汉朝(the Han Dynasty)。农业和灌溉器具有了很大的跳动,农业经济十分发达。在交易上,唐朝与更多国度有了贸易来回。唐朝亦然文体和艺术的黄金时期。盛唐时期出现了整整一代文体行家,其中包括唐诗“双圣”李白和杜甫。

参考译文:

The Tang Dynasty is universally recognized as one of the most glorious periods in China. It has seen great progress in many fields. The territory in the Tang Dynasty, acquired through military expansion, was greater than that in the Han Dynasty. Great advances have been made in agriculture and irrigation tools, making a prosperous agricultural economy. In business, the Tang Dynasty had trade contacts with more countries. The Tang Dynasty was also the golden age of literature and arts. In the high tang period, there appeared a whole generation of literary giants including LiBai and Du Fu, the twin masters of Tang poetry.

16、 景泰蓝

景泰蓝(Jing Tai Lan/Chinese cloisonne)是中国的一种传统艺术品。因其在明朝(the Ming Dynasty)景泰年间盛行,而况以蓝色为主,故而得名“景泰蓝”。它采纳一些珍惜金属手脚原材料,集绘图、工艺、艺术为一体。景泰蓝典雅素雅无比,具有独到的民族立场和浓厚的文化韵味。在明清两朝(the Ming and Qing Dynasties), 景泰蓝齐是皇家专用的器物饰品,标志着尊贵与金钱。景泰蓝也在此时运行跟着商船走向国际。

参考译文:

Jing Tai Lan is a kind of Chinese traditional works of art. It got the name because it was very popular during the years of Jing Tai in the Ming Dynasty with blue as its main color. It uses some precious metals as raw materials, combining painting, craft, and art. JingTai Lan is elegant and beautiful with a unique national style and rich cultural flavor. During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, Tai Lan was the decorative article owned only by royal families, a symbol of being noble and wealthy. Also at that time, Jing Tai Lan began to go overseas with trade ships.

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